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Components of CNC lathe

When turning parts on a CNC lathe or turning machining center, the position of the tool in the tool holder should be arranged reasonably and scientifically according to the structure of the lathe tool holder and the number of tools that can be installed, and attention should be paid to avoid interference between the tool and the machine, the tool and the workpiece and the tool with each other when the tool is stationary and working. So what are the components of a CNC lathe? Let's take a look at the following.

First, the host, he is the main body of the CNC machine tool, including the machine body, column, spindle, feed mechanism and other mechanical components. He is used to complete a variety of cutting machine parts.

Second, the numerical control device, is the core of CNC machine tools, including hardware (printed circuit boards, CRT display, key box, tape reader, etc.) and the corresponding software, used to input digital parts program, and complete the input information storage, data conversion, interpolation operation and achieve a variety of control functions.

Third, the drive device, he is a CNC machine tool actuators drive components, including spindle drive unit, feed unit, spindle motor and feed motor, etc. He is under the control of the CNC device through the spindle motor and feed motor. He is under the control of the CNC device through the electrical or electro-hydraulic servo system to achieve spindle and feed drive. When several feed linkage, can complete the positioning, straight line, plane curve and space curve processing.

Fourth, auxiliary devices, refers to some of the CNC machine tools necessary to support components to ensure the operation of CNC machine tools, such as cooling, chip removal, lubrication, lighting, monitoring, etc.. It includes hydraulic and pneumatic devices, chip removal devices, exchange tables, CNC turntable and CNC indexing head, but also includes tooling and monitoring and testing devices.

V. Programming and other ancillary equipment that can be used to program and store parts outside the machine.

Since 1952, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology developed the world's first CNC machine tool, CNC machine tools in the manufacturing industry, especially in the automotive, aerospace, and military industry is widely used, CNC technology, both in hardware and software, have developed rapidly.


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